Penghu Low Carbon Island Project

Penghu Low Carbon Island Project

Case name Penghu Low Carbon Island
Case location Penghu Island
Erection style Green Infrastructure
Owner Public construction
System type Integrated green energy system

In recent years, climate change and carbon reduction are the most concerned issues in the global society. Governments around the world are working hard to find ways to reduce carbon emission.  On World Environment Day, 2009, The Administrative Yuan of the ROC government passed a set of guidelines named “Framework of the Sustainable Energy Policy”, declaring its intention to develop renewable energy and reduce carbon emission. The Administrative Yuan also laid out the “Save Energy and Reduce Carbon Emission” comprehensive plan in March of 2010 to reduce the country’s carbon emission to the 2005 level by the year 2020. Year 2010 was designated as the Year of Energy Saving and Carbon Emission Reduction.

(a) Penghu Low Carbon Island Project Framework

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Source: Bureau of Energy, R.O.C.

The development of low carbon society was included in the conclusions of the Third National Energy Conference held in 2009. The approaches of constructing low carbon society include carbon capture with forestation, low carbon towns in local governments, and renewable energy living area (with over 50% of total energy consumption coming from renewable energy accounts). Every county is expected to establish two low carbon communities by 2012. Six low carbon cities are to be completed by 2016. As a result, four districts of Taiwan, including Northern, Middle, Southern, and Eastern districts, will be transformed into low carbon society by the year 2020. The existing regional development plan will be revised to promote “produced locally and consumed locally” style “sustainable local economy” and low carbon style production and marketing system. Low carbon emission cities and towns will then be established with a virtuous cycle to renewable energy efforts. Thus, how to go from merely setting greenhouse gas emission reduction goals at the central government level to actually carrying out the projects and achieving the goals through each and every local government level is something to be watched both closely and continuously

The Ministry of Economic Affairs of Taiwan R.O.C. chose the Penghu Islands as the place on which to build the country’s first model renewable energy community. The implementation of the Penghu Low Carbon Island project will introduce green energy and recycling system into all aspects, including technology, measures, services, and R&D accomplishments. Over half of all the islands’ energy demand will be met by renewable energy, so as to make the island a world-class paradigm for all low carbon island projects. The total time required for implementing the project is set to be five years.

(1)   The Vision and Mission of the Penghu Low Carbon Island Project

The aim of the Penghu Low Carbon Island project is to bring all kinds of low carbon technology into application to forge out an example clean living environment for the nation. Economic development will further be achieved by incorporating local features into the project; making these low carbon islands a tourist attraction of international renown. Through the implementation of this project, low carbon living services and low carbon technology will be applied. The application of green energy products will be broadened and related industries are expected to be promoted.

Major objectives:

  • To create a living environment by implementing low carbon emission technology, services and measures.
  • To provide power with at least 50% of energy from renewable sources.
  • To broaden the application of renewable energy and green energy products through the demonstrative Low Carbon Islands project; and to further promote industry development and gradually extend the project to the construction of low carbon communities, in the effort to urge R.O.C. to join the cluster of advanced low carbon countries as the final goal.

The specific content of the Low Carbon Islands project comprises execution plans in five major aspects: renewable energy, energy conservation, green logistics, green construction, and resource recycling. In the aspect of renewable energy, the project will install new multi-megawatt wind turbines with a total capacity of 96MW, construct an exemplary megawatt level photovoltaic structure, and achieve the goal of having over 50% of energy consumed sourced from renewable energy. To achieve energy conservation, the project will install smart meters, LED street lights, and promote energy-efficient household appliances. To promote green logistics, the project will encourage motorists to trade in fuel powered cars for hybrid models and restrict fuel use on the islands to only B2 diesel and E3 alcoholic gasoline. For green construction, the project requires that all new public structures and major civilian investment projects are certificated as green buildings. Finally, in the aspect of resource recycling, the project will work to diversify water resources, including establishment of smart water supply network, rainwater storage, sewage water recycling, etc. Zero-waste policy will also be achieved by promoting garbage recycle and reuse systems. All the above measures, when fully in effect, are expected to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases by 62%.

(b) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimate

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Source: Bureau of Energy, R.O.C.

(2)   Expected Benefits of the Project

  • Total carbon emission of 2015 will be 60% less than expected BAU and 50% less than that of 2005.
  • Total electricity generated by renewable energy exceeds total local demand.
  • CO2 emission per capita per year drops from 5.4 tons (2008) to 2.1 tons (2015).
  • Total investment is expected to be recovered in 6.8 years.
  • Further promotion of local tourism industry.

(c) Penghu Low Carbon Island Project Outlook

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Source: Bureau of Energy, R.O.C.

One thought on “Penghu Low Carbon Island Project

  1. Pingback: Taiwán quiere acabar con el fantasma de Fukushima - SoyTuVoz.com

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